Ayurvedic Doshas: A Brief Summary
Doshas are defined as our life forces, and they make up our bodies constitution or prakut. Ayurveda medicine addresses each individual dosha and their corresponding elements.
There are three doshas which correspond to space (ether), fire, water, earth and air. They are each elementally different and are known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
Vata is composed of space and air, Pitta of fire and water, and Kapha of Earth and Water. Most people have elements of each dosha and one particular dominant one. This dominant one will influence the emotional and physical health and determines predictability of dis-ease. If one of the doshas is out of balance it will interfere with the prana or natural energy flow in the physical body so therefore it is crucial to keep the doshas balanced for optimal health and wellbeing.
Ayurveda medicine is geared towards supporting and balancing these three doshas, or types. When there is a predominant Dosha in a human they will be referred to as that type. For example, a person who has a predominance of Pitta will be called a pitta type even if they also have elements of vata and Kapha in their constitution.
~The Vata Dosha is a combination of air and space (ether) therefore this type inherently reflects these elements. This body type sometimes has trouble gaining weight and tend to be thin and lanky in stature. They are usually creative or artistic and thrive on learning new things and may tend to move around a lot instead of wanting to settle in one place. The emotionally imbalanced Vata type can experience anxiety, fear, insomnia and excessive thoughts especially if overstimulated. A physical imbalance will manefest as dry, and cold, such as constipation and dry, prematurely aged skin. It is very Important that routine be followed to keep Vata in balance. Avoid cold raw foods and opt for warm, well spiced food. Herbs such as Turmeric, cumin, and nutmeg will keep the warmth available to pacify vata. Using Triphala regularly will promote natural detoxification of the body and help prevent skin disorders. This dosha is most likely to get out of balance in the fall-winter because of the cold winds and dry air. Vata's elemental influence is air and space (ether) making it a very vulnerable dosha. Therefore it is most affected by irregular schedules, lack of sleep, weather changes, travel and excessive sensory stimulation.
~The Pitta dosha is a combination of the elements fire and water. All metabolic functions such as digestion, body temperature, hormonal balance and energy consumption are ruled by pitta. Since fire is the dominant element in pitta, this type can be inclined to fits of anger and have sleep and relaxation issues so it is vital that they keep their fiery tendencies in check. They are also prone to gastrointestinal and skin disorders. People with excessive pitta should avoid extremes of anything including food, alcohol and even over exertion/exercise. Stay away from sources of heat or stuffy enviornments. A vegetarian diets including bitter vegetables are the best choice. Stay away from spicy, hot food and avoid alcohol.
~The Kapha dosha is perhaps the most "stable" because it literally relates to the stability, lubrication and support of our physical body. The element combination of earth and water adds to the static nature of Kapha as does their calm and content perspective on life. They excell in managing tasks well under pressure and have compassion and patience when balanced. However if there is an excess of Kapha they may tend to overeat, sleep too much and not exercise enough. The best foods to support Kapha are bitter, pungent and astringent, and avoid sweet, salty and sour. According to Yoga International, yoga is beneficial to Kapha and includes the following: *Three Part Breath, *Bhastrika, *Ujjayi, *Pratiloma, *Kapalabhati, and *Nadi shodhana.
Thank you for your interest and please share your own Insights in the comments section below. #Doshas #Ayurvedic
Stay well and safe! ~Sandra-Elizabeth